Instalar el sistema operativo desde Pendrive (USB)

Instalar el sistema operativo desde Pendrive (USB)

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  • Categoría de la entrada:USB

Instalar nuestro sistema operativo Windows utilizando Pendrives se ha hecho cada vez mas popular ya que los archivos de instalación estarían más protegidos dentro de estos dispositivos.

No obstante, el Pendrive a utilizar debe cumplir ciertas características

Como vemos en la imagen, este es un Pendrive Cruzer Blade con capacidad de 4 GB. La verdad es que la marca no es importante, pero hay otros puntos que debemos considerar

  • La capacidad recomendada debe ser de 4 GigaBytes o más
  • Debe estar formateado con sistema de archivos FAT32

Obviamente, si el Pendrive está formateado, está absolutamente vacío sin información

Y, si está vacío, ¿cómo le metemos Windows para instalarlo en el PC?

La respuesta puede ser sencilla o compleja dependiendo del software que utilicemos o si hacemos booteable manualmente nuestro pendrive por la consola DOS para después descomprimir la imagen ISO a una carpeta, copiar todos los archivos y pegarlos en el pendrive

Para lograrlo, debemos ingresar al intérprete de comando de Windows

Mediante el comando DiskPart podemos configurar los Pendrives o discos duros del computador, asignar, borrar u ocultar particiones, cambiar letra de unidades físicas o lógicas de algún disco que tengamos en el PC, etc.

Si quieres saber exactamente cómo se hace, te recomiendo Este Enlace con información detallada .

Si queremos una manera mas sencilla y menos arriesgada, existe un software que puede ejecutar estos pasos de forma automática

Rufus

Rufus es un software ya muy conocido por los técnicos e ingenieros en informática, el cual sería bueno que lo conozcan otras personas sin conocimientos técnicos profundos para que, de igual manera, puedan instalar Windows.

Su configuración es muy sencilla. Debemos insertar el Pendrive y ejecutar Rufus, veremos la siguiente pantalla

  • Device: muestra el nombre del Pendrive, la letra de unidad y la capacidad del mismo. En caso de haber mas de un USB conectado, seleccionar con cual se desea trabajar.
  • Partition Scheme and target system type: Se usa para cambiar el tipo de partición que usará Windows cuando esté instalado. Recomiendo cambiar la opción descrita en la imagen y trabajar con MBR para computadores BIOS o UEFI
  • File system: Es el sistema de archivos. Déjelo en FAT32 (default) y cuando esté Windows instalado, verás que cambió a NTFS. Es automático
  • Cluster Size: Es el tamaño del clúster. Dejarlo por defecto (default)
  • New Volume Label: Es la etiqueta del volumen. Si quieres le pones Windows.

Ahora…

Presionar el botón destacado en amarillo, se nos abre la ubicación del archivo

Darle doble click

Finalmente, presionar Start (o Empezar, en caso que esté en español) y póngase cómodo mientras termina el proceso.

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